Date: 10/26/2015

Course Info:

 

From economic, societal, and family perspectives, FASD represents a major public health issue. Prevalance rates vary, but are more common than previously though, and more common than a number of other well-known developmental disabilities. In the U.S., the lifetime costs for an individuals with an FASD has been estimated to be approximately $2 million. Families are often faced with a scarcity of diagnostic and treatment services, professionals who do not fully comprehend the nature of their children’s disability.

FASD is a leading cause of cognitive and developmental disability. Caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol, it is associated with a range of lifelong deficits that largely emerge in late childhood and significantly impact functional performance. Family doctors are in the ideal position to use screening tools and clinical practice guidelines to identify patients at risk for a diagnosis of FASD; however, individuals with FASD are not receiving appropriate rehabilitation services because their doctors fail to recognize and/or address the cluster of symptoms associated with FASD. Despite increasing awareness among the research community, doctors report a troubling lack of knowledge about FASD, and clinical practices that does not conform with practice guidelines. This gap between knowledge and action suggests the need for innovative approaches to knowledge translation (KT).