Behavior and Education Therapy

Behavior and education therapy can be an important part of treatment for children with FASDs. Although there are many different types of therapy for children with developmental disabilities, only a few have been scientifically tested specifically for children with FASDs.

Following are behavior and education therapies that have been shown to be effective for some children with FASDs:

  • Friendship training Many children with FASDs have a hard time making friends, keeping friends, and socializing with others. Friendship training teaches children with FASDs how to interact with friends, how to enter a group of children already playing, how to arrange and handle in-home play dates, and how to avoid and work out conflicts. A research study found that this type of training could significantly improve children’s social skills and reduce problem behaviors.
  • Specialized math tutoring A research study found that special teaching methods and tools can help improve math knowledge and skills in children with FASDs.
  • Executive functioning training This type of training teaches behavioral awareness and self-control and improves executive functioning skills, such as memory, cause and effect, reasoning, planning, and problem solving.
  • Parent-child interaction therapy This type of therapy aims to improve parent-child relationships, create a positive discipline program, and reduce behavior problems in children with FASDs. Parents learn new skills from a coach. A research study found significant decrease in parent distress and child behavior problems.
  • Parenting and behavior management training The behavior and learning problems that affect children with FASDs can lead to high levels of stress for the children’s parents. This training can improve caregiver comfort, meet family needs, and reduce child problem behaviors.

SOURCE:
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention