Boult C, Boult LB, Morishita L, Dowd B, Kane RL, Urdangarin CF, A Randomized Clinical Trial of Outpatient Geriatric Evaluation and Management, Journal of American Geriatrics Society 49 (2001): 351-359.

SUMMARY: To measure the effects of outpatient geriatric evaluation and management (GEM) on high-risk older persons’ functional ability and use of health services. Targeted outpatient GEM slows functional decline was the conclusion of the study. In 2015 only 300 physicians will complete geriatrics training in the U.S. That doesn’t keep up with the retirement rates or cover the expanding aging population. Geriatric psychiatrists, nurses and social workers are also needed.